Words to Know

Have you ever heard a word used in a Town setting and was unsure of its meaning? No problem! We compiled a list of words that are often misunderstood, unknown, and in some cases specific to the Town of Flower Mound. So, the next time a someone mentions a 'referendum', you will know what they are talking about.


A change or addition to a bill.


Independence or freedom; the right of self-government.


A legislative proposal.


A person seeking election to an office.


The presiding officer of a group or committee.


A native or naturalized member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to its government and is entitled to its protection.


A group of people appointed for a specific function, typically consisting of members of a large group.

Congressional District:

A portion of a state containing approximately 600,000 people represented by one Member of the U.S. House of Representatives.


The residents of a district represented by a Member of Congress.


The legal document enumerating the structure of the United States federal government and its powers.


A formal discussion, as in a legislative body, in which opposing arguments are put forward.


Characterized by the principle of political or social equality for all.


Each state is divided into districts based on the state's population. Each district elects one Representative to serve in the House of Representatives.

Federal Government:

The central government of the United States established by the U.S. Constitution, composed of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

General Election:

Election held the Tuesday after the first Monday in November of even-numbered years, where representatives are chosen in all constituencies of a state.


The leadership of a community, state, or nation.


A meeting or session of a committee of Congress, usually open to the public, to obtain information and opinions on proposed legislation, conduct an investigation, or oversee a program.


A rule of conduct established and enforced by the authority, legislation, or custom of a given community, state, or nation.


A procedure by which a specified number of voters may propose a statute, constitutional amendment, or ordinance, and compel a popular vote on its adoption.


People elected to serve as a Councilmember who have not yet taken the Oath of Office.


A citizen or subject of a particular nation who is entitled to its protection.


The official act by which a person is made a national of a country other than his native one.

Oath of Office:

The oath each Member-elect must take to officially become a Councilmember.

Public Policy:

The set of policies that form the foundation of public laws.

Primary Election:

An election held to decide which candidates will represent the party in the November general election ballot.


A code of diplomatic rules of behavior.


A particular section or clause in legislation or law.


The minimal number of councilmembers or officers of a committee, usually a majority, who must be present for a valid transaction of business.


The process within the States of redrawing legislative district boundaries to reflect population changes following the decennial census.


The submission of a law, proposed or already in effect, to a direct vote of the people.


The printed record of a committee’s actions, including its votes, recommendations, and views on a bill or question of public policy or its findings and conclusions based on oversight inquiry, investigation, or other study.


The length of time Town Council assembles to conduct business.


A committee composed of some members of a larger committee, board, or other body and reporting to it.

Tabling Motion:

Enables the assembly to set aside the pending motion temporarily to take up something more urgent.