The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program is a federal program that began operation in 1975. It is formally known as “Title I” of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974, as amended. CDBG is run by the U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).
Congress’ primary objective for CDBG has always been, and still is to improve communities by providing decent housing and a suitable living environment and expanding economic opportunities, principally for persons of low and moderate income. The law defines “low and moderate income” individuals and families as those with incomes below 80% of the median income for the entire metropolitan area (the Metropolitan Statistical Area). The law allows the meaning of the term to be adjusted for the size of the household; “lower income” is less for a two-person household and greater for a seven-person household. The term “low income” means individuals and households with incomes below 50% of the median income for the entire metropolitan area. The term “moderate income” means those with incomes above 50% but below 80%.
Every year, each city with more than 50,000 people, and each county over 200,000 in population, get CDBG funds automatically. These cities and counties are called “entitlement jurisdictions.” They are “entitled” to CDBG by virtue of their size. Entitlement jurisdictions get 70% of the money and states get the other 30%. Each state gets CDBG to pass along to its smaller towns and rural counties, which compete with one another for the funds. Every state has its own procedures for operating the “Small Cities” CDBG program. The amount of CDBG funding each of these jurisdictions gets is set by formulas set by HUD.
In order to get CDBG funding, the law requires the Town of Flower Mound to prepare and maintain a formal document declaring how CDBG will be used. A proposed version of this document (a Consolidated Plan) must be presented to the Town Citizens so that affected residents have a chance to study the document and to give the Town their comments. The Consolidated Plan includes both a long-term Strategic Plan and a short-term annual Action Plan. The Consolidated Plan requires the Town to identify all of its housing and community development needs, and then come up with a long-term strategy for meeting those needs. A key part of the strategy is setting priorities. The Consolidated Plan must identify what programs and resources will be used over the course of the long-term strategy.
Then each year, the Town must submit an Annual Action Plan that spells out in detail which activities it will carry out and how much money (including CDBG) will be spent on them, in order to work toward reaching its program goals. At the end of each Program Year, the Town must submit to HUD an Annual Performance Report which gives a detailed description of the activities funded with CDBG money during that program year.
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2014 Consolidated Annual Performance & Evaluation Report
2015-2019 Consolidated Plan
2015 Annual Action Plan
2016 Annual Action Plan